A little about Japan

Japan – a country of contrasts and high modern technology. For some – it is an opportunity to get acquainted with the ancient eastern traditions and arts. For others – see the delightful city of the future, affecting its beauty and extraordinary. Still others – come to support his health: the country is rich in spa resorts on hot springs.

Japanese landscape more beautiful than even on Japanese paintings. Perhaps come when the cherry blossoms (Japanese cherry)? Its petals are reminiscent of the courage of the Japanese soldiers who died in the battle of the young. In those days the Japanese sit under the Japanese cherry and dream about something Japanese.

Capital – Tokyo.

The most striking feature of the Japanese capital – is an incredible energy. Tokyo – capital of the country of the rising sun, a large metropolis with skyscrapers and world centers of economic and financial activity in one part of the city, with narrow streets and houses in the other. In Tokyo,many interesting areas and attractions that have to see with your own eyes. After Tokyo – amazing city, like everything else in Japan. Just walk along its streets, visiting restaurants with Japanese cuisine and see the smiling faces of local people, you can feel the flavor and appeal of this fabulous east of the country.

Government – Constitutional monarchy.
Head of State – Emperor.

The geographical position of Japan

The state is in East Asia, located on the 4 major islands – Kyushu, Shikoku, Honshu and Hokkaido.On the north by the Sea of Okhotsk in the east – the Pacific Ocean, to the south – the Pacific Ocean and the East China Sea in the west – the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan. Surface Area: 378 square kilometers

Climate Japan

The climate in Japan, except the island of Hokkaido, temperate with clearly distinguishable seasons and two rainy periods – spring and fall. In winter (December-February), the temperature in the plains along the coast, usually above zero, the weather is sunny, dry air. Spring (March-May) begins with plum blossom, and Blooming cherry blossoms from late March to early April is the height of spring. Summer (June-August), the rainy season begins with “bye” (“plum rain”), which lasts for 3-4 weeks. In the southern part of Okinawa’s rainy season begins in mid-May, and in the Tohoku region in the north of the island of Honshu – in the middle of June and ends in the middle of June and July, respectively. In July comes the real summer heat. Autumn (September-November) brings a fresh breeze and a comfortable temperature.

More than 70% of the land of Japan is mountainous. About 200 mountain peaks – volcanoes, of which 67 are considered to be “alive”: active or dormant. For the year in Japan is happening thousands of earthquakes happen up to 20 shocks a day. But in most cases, their strength is so low that it can detect only high-precision equipment of seismic stations. The best time to travel to Tokyo- the period from late March to May and October-November.

Japan’s population

Japan’s population of about 127 million. People. The country’s population is almost monoethnic –99% are Japanese. The most numerous national minorities – Koreans (0, 5%), the Ainu (the indigenous inhabitants of the islands, 0, 3%), and Okinawans. Official language – Japanese. Also, English is widely spoken.

The national religion – Shinto. Also, there are Buddhists, Christians, Protestants. A distinctive feature of the religious life of Japan – tolerance and blending of beliefs, cults and rites of the different religions.

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When to go to Japan

Best time to visit – from March to late October.

Attractions Japan

In Japan, you can live two weeks, carefully examined all the sights, but did not understand. To see real Japan, you open wide your heart, to turn off noisy magistali, to look into the unremarkable tiny garden and sit there, looking at the flowers and stones.

Tokyo – Japan is usually for tourists begins with him. In Tokyo, a few centers in the city: Otemachi, Kazumigaseki, Shibuya, Ueno, Ikebukuro. Each one of them rises above a sea of small, as if toy, one-storey houses, where people lead a life more rural than urban.

Kyoto – say the ancient city of the key to Japan. Its ancient name Heian pervoditsya as “peace and quiet”. It is consistent with the philosophy of Confucianism, where one of the aphorisms reads: “A person’s life – it is a long journey with a heavy baggage. Patience – the basis of longevity. “In Kyoto, you can not hurry. We must first come to terms with modern architecture and flashes of neon signs. And then step aside – and be in the year 794, when Emperor Kammu laid the city here in strict accordance with the laws of Feng Shui. Since then, the energy Qi circulates freely through the streets, giving reliable protection of the city and a special state of mind of its residents.

Mount Fuji – the highest (3776 m), and revered in Japan – on a clear day is visible from a distance of 160 km. It is considered one of the two most beautiful conical volcanoes in the world.Fuji – “sleeping” volcano. Its last eruption took place in February 1708, and to this date we know 18 of its eruptions.

Osaka – the largest city in western Japan. It originated centuries ago in a place where they could unload ships and river boats, near the ancient capitals of Kyoto and Nara. Thanks to this ideal position Osaka 1500 years became the commercial center of Japan.

Sapporo – the largest town north of Japan, with a population of more than 1, 7 million people. It is the administrative center of Hokkaido, it is prefektualnoe government.

Hakone – an extinct volcano in the center of the island of Honshu between the Sagami Bay and Mount Fuji, the height of 1550 meters. It includes six peaks and vast crater width of 13 km from north to south and 7 km from west to east. In the era of the Tokugawa mountain road, passing through the gorge of Hakone , guarded. This ancient road built between Lake Ashino and curve of the crater, survives to this day and is under constant surveillance. The railway through the tunnel under the lake Asi built in 1935.