What to see on a journey to Japan

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Japan – a country with a constitutional monarchy, located in the Japanese archipelago of 6852 islands, 97 percent of the area which consists of four major islands – Honshu, Shikoku, Hokkaido,Kyushu. The country’s capital – Tokyo, located on the island of Honshu, Japan’s total population of 127 million people (the tenth country in the world in terms of population).

98% percent of the population – ethnic Japanese who easily practiced at the same time the two religions – Buddhismand Shintoism. Japan is known for a high level of exports and the quality of life of residents. Japan – the only country in the world, against which the use of nuclear weapons.

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In Russia, there is a growing interest in Japanese culture, its modern technology and an organic connection to the age-old traditions. You finally came to Japan, this trip you’ve been waiting for so long, and already planned out what you’re going to see and what places to visit.

However, descended the ladder in the Tokyo airport, the traveler is often lost among the unusual lifestyle of the Japanese and their special traditions that are impregnated with everything in this country. To gain a landmark in the rich amazing sights and unique holidays country, we will give you a few tips for tourists, first came to the Land of the Rising Sun.

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You’re lucky if you arrived in Tokyo early in the morning, in the biggest Japanese market Tsukiji five am going wholesale fish. You will enjoy the volume of seafood, especially the size of the local tuna. It began early in the day so you inspired with the spirit of hard work of local people. In the same area called Ginza, you can see the world-famous Kabuki theater and visit the showroom of the latest developments of the company Sony.

 

What could be for Europeans or Russians fun than a trip to Japan, a country very different traditions, attitudes, a country with its own history and nature, with wonderful holidays and mysterious soul? This trip will be an unforgettable and so striking that you might want to create a fascinating essay the view from my window, only in photographs and in Japan, and returned home to review it countless times, and rejoice in the fact that it was possible to visit the poetic Country Rising Sun.

Surrounded by the Pacific Ocean and its neighboring Russia, Korea and China, Japan consists of more than three thousand islands varying in size, having a mostly mountainous terrain. Only 30% of the territory of Japan is a plain area.

Among the most popular tourist volcano Fuji, having tapered outlines the ideal form – only for a short time with his snow peaks disappear, and the island of Matsushima, with its magnificent pine forests.

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But, of course, the glory of Japan provide not only they – sandy beaches and snow-capped mountains, cherry blossoms and the amazing beauty of the autumn scenery give the poetic charm of a distant country with which we want to introduce you – so far only virtually. We hope that the virtual acquaintance will eventually become real.

First of all tell you that it is certainly worth a look in Japan – this beautiful island country in which poetry breathes everything – not only the amazing beauty of nature, but also the name – whether it is the name of a castle or a holiday, the reason for which may be the same, it seemed I would be commonplace event. This way, you can watch and in neighboring countries, such as China, Vietnam, etc. Residents of countries in Asia are able to turn into a holiday any event.

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Delicate pink and white cherry blossoms, one of the main symbols of Japan, bloom in the warm days of spring, but their fragile beauty is short-lived – after one or two days of the former luxury reminiscent of a flower carpet underfoot. This amazing event is timed festival holiday Hanami (in Japanese it means “flower viewing”), during which each park, the garden and the alley where Sakura captures the gentle beauty, a lot of people walking, admiring the unique spectacle.

 

Koyo – observation of autumn leaf fall – no less than amazing phenomenon than the cherryblossom. Therefore, if you can not get in Japan in the spring – do not worry: the bright colors of flowering maples will not leave the place in your heart for the sorrows and regrets. Tourists visiting Japan in the fall, said that Kojo no way inferior Hanami in terms of emotions.

Survivor during the war, and after many earthquakes Castle Himeji (white heron castle) – one of the most beautiful castles of old Japan, is a national treasure of Japan and, in addition, UNESCO World Heritage Site.

National Treasure of Japan is also another old castle, Kumamoto – Crow Castle, built Kato clan, counts its history since 1607. Half a century after the construction of the castle passed into the possession of the Hosokawa clan, who ruled the province of Higo. During the last civil war that shook Japan in 1877, most of the buildings of the castle of Kumamoto severely damaged by fire.

Well, nothing we can not ignore the Japanese sacred mountain Fuji. Its height – 3776 meters and is the highest mountain of Japan.

Continuing the conversation about Japan tale of less familiar with her ​​beauty. The first area of Japan, which appeared in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site – the island of Yakushima, three quarters of which is occupied by wooded mountains. On the highest peaks of these mountains the snow does not melt for months, but close to the coast and the foothills of the humid subtropical climate that does not change throughout the year, provides a permanent presence on the island of rain clouds that cover the sky and did not give break sunlight. This island, the wettest of all the Japanese islands, attracts tourists the picturesque natural landscapes, which include tropical forests, waterfalls, beaches, hot springs and the status of the mystical island.

 

On the island of  Honshu, is to visit the city of Kamakura – it is cast in bronze statue of the GreatBuddha, whose height – 11.4 meters, and weight – 93 tons.

Unique in its architecture temples in Japan are separate conversation. In Kyoto there is a famoustemple or Kinkakuji “Golden Pavilion” – all except the ground floor, decorated with gold leaf.Currently (and the temple was built in 1397 as a holiday villa of one of the rulers of Japan) is used as a “syaridena” – there are kept the sacred remains of the Buddha.

Crazy monk podzhёgshy temple in 1950, has transformed a historic monument in the ashes, after which the pavilion had to be rebuilt.

“Clean Water” – Kiyomizu-dera – another unique temple, built in the year 780. Hoss, one of the oldest Buddhist schools of Japan, used the temple for their own purposes. Kiyomizu-deraenriched the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994. The source of healing water, inside the temple, forming a waterfall, and if you go out on a wooden terrace of the temple, you’ll get a great view of the city of Kyoto.

In the year 607 Prince Shotoku in the city of Nara was founded temple complex Horyuji, in whose territory the extant ancient wooden buildings of the world – this complex as one of the oldest temples of Japan, in the list of UNESCO heritage, he appeared in 1993.

Almost every Japanese temple organizes its own festival – the most notable include theSnow Festival (Sapporo), a three-day festival in Tokyo, dedicated to the goddess Canon (Sanja Matsuri Festival), Festival Nagasaki Nagasaki County.

The dynasty of the Tokugawa shoguns ruled Japan until 1868 – more than 250 years. The tomb of one of the shogun, Tokugawa Ieyasu, a famous military leader and founder of the dynasty, is located in Nikko, in the wonderful woods, adjacent to the initiate Tokugawa Izyasu temple complexTosegu. The complex includes more than a dozen Shinto and Buddhist temples.

Three huge park – the pearl of Japan – gained popularity among tourists for its extraordinary beauty. One of them, Kenroku-en (“The Garden of the six virtues”), appeared about two centuries ago, and was opened to the public in 1871.

Another park Ritsurin, located on the island of Shikoku in the city of Takamatsu. It was founded by local rulers in the XVII century and pleases the eye of visitors unique trees, hills, ponds and pavilions. Third, memorial, park NagasakiPeace laid in memory of the atomic bombing on Aug. 9, 1945 the same city. At the center of the park is a statue dedicated to the victims of this senseless act that destroyed much of the city. The names of the dead are carved on the inhabitants of many monuments, and is adjacent to the park museum of atomic bombs.

But not among the monuments and parks famous for Japan. Here tourists can visit the many hot springs scattered throughout the country, hot water which is saturated with minerals. These sources are popular not only among the inhabitants of the country, but also for tourists.

Skiing and snowboarding will be offered to tourists as an active pastime more than five hundred ski resorts in Japan, the best of which are located on the islands of Honshu and Hokkaido.About temple festivals we have already mentioned.

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Climate Japan

Summer in this country is quite hot, and the winter, on the contrary – is cold. Summer is the rainy season ends and typhoons coming in August and ends in October. Therefore, most comfortable to travel by Japan in the first half of April (this time cherry blossom), the second half of May, the same wonderful weather conditions while waiting for the tourists in late October – early November, it is the period of autumn festivals.

In large cities the public transport system is organized at the highest level.

Travel to Japan preferable train – electric Shinkansen ply the high-speed rail network between cities. From each other, the train features a number of stops – for example, Nozomi drops off passengers only at the major stations and have a much slower rate Kodama stops at each occurrence of the path of the station.

International airports in Japan a few – it is in Tokyo Narita, Osaka – Kansai and central airport is located in the city of Nagoya. Both international and local routes served by major airlines Japan Airlines Airlines and Nippon.

If you are low on money, you can travel by the Japanese economical forms of transport – buses, ferries (between islands). Instead of a taxi, you can use a car.

Japanese hotels, as well as everywhere in the world, differ in the level of comfort. A traditional Japanese inn ryokan offer you rooms in Japanese style and local cuisine with a lower limit to 6000 yen and the top – 30 thousand.

Cheap private hotels, which contain members of one family, bed & breakfast, offering room for 4-10 thousand yen. For similar prices offer their services to European-style apartments. Hotels Western and local networks of large companies located in major cities across the country. Room rates are dependent on the rank, ranging from 10 to 50 thousand yen per night stay.

The characteristic “highlight” of Japan – capsule hotels. Most picky travelers stop in them. This hotel guarantees a bed and a bath in the small room cost 3-4 thousand yen.

Temples in Japan can offer tourists not only visit the service, but also the night. The same night (at the price of 3.10 million yen) and, in addition to a modest meal, offer a monastery shelters, called”shukubo.”

 

Japanese – this, of course, world-famous sushi, rice balls of dried seaweed – “onigiri” rice with sauce “curry”. Gourmets should also try grilled fish, called yakizakana, Japanese and Chinese noodles.

Tables in restaurants are either traditionally low, or in the style of the western interior. Tipping the Japanese did not take, but not completely doedennaya food will testify about your contempt for service – so the plate should be left clean.

These are especially in the east of this amazing country that it would be good fortunate enough to visit and see with your own eyes.