Cities of Japan. Kamakura

Kamakura is located on the island of Honshu, in Kanagawa Prefecture, on the Pacific coast. This is one of the oldest cities in Japan , founded in 1192. Its area is slightly less than 40 square meters. km, with a population of about 170 000 people. On three sides the city is surrounded by beautiful green mountains, forcing admire the natural beauty of these places. Kamakura – the living embodiment of the old traditional Japan, with its medieval houses, copper roofs aqua, Buddhist temples and statues, eye-catching and fascinating look at the first walk on the city streets. There is no huge skyscrapers of glass and concrete or majestic buildings, created with high technology. It has long been on this earth was samurai village where they lived hard and strong-willed people, which was clearly deposited in the current architecture of the Kamakura.

The magnificent sandy beaches are a real delight for fans soak up the sunshine and swimming in the gentle waters of the Pacific, and its wide slopes attract winter sports lovers, for which there excellent conditions.Each year, the city is visited by millions of tourists from around the world, making it not only the most important cultural heritage of Japan, but also one of her best resorts.

Became the founder of the Kamakura Minamoto no Yoritomo, the third son of a Japanese commander Minamoto Esitomo. In 1180, Yoritomo placed its troops there, because he thought landscapes of the area ideal for containing siege by enemies. A little later there was a seat available commander, and after a while got the status of the territory Kamakurskogo shogunate.Since the era of the samurai, which existed here from 1185 to 1333. After the shogunate fell, its main town was abandoned and took the form of an ordinary village, whose residents hunted fisheries and farmed. Only toward the end of the XIX century, when Japan reigned Meiji, Kamakura again began to blossom. Since that time, here are actively populated by artists, writers, poets, and other representatives of creative professions. Today, in urban areas there are numerous historical relics and monuments of the past. Only Buddhist and Shinto temples are more than a hundred. Moreover, each of them has its own unique character and its own history. It is largely thanks to the rich cultural, historical and religious heritage, Kamakura has such a high status in Japan and attracts the attention of millions of people.

Most visited Shinto temple in the city is Tsurugaoka Hatimangu , located on a hilltop Urugaoka. It was built in honor of the legendary Emperor Odzina, also known as Hachiman. On all sides the temple is surrounded by cherry trees and azalea bushes, which makes it even more beautiful and mysterious appearance. Straight from the sea to the holy abode is a convenient wide path along which is growing cherry. This alley was paved centuries ago, by order of the local shogun, when he learned of the birth of his first child. Its name, wakame Oji, means “young prince street.” In the immediate vicinity of the temple are two ponds – Genji and Heike, where there are beautiful red and white lotuses. In one of the ponds thrown Drum Bridge, which is connected with a beautiful legend, which says that man alone climbing over him and falling at the same time, has a long life. The situation is somewhat complicated by the fact that the bridge is quite slippery and a hunchback, so move on it is not easy.

Near the temple, alley Vakama Oji crosses the wide road, which in the Middle Ages archers improved their skills in the possession of a bow and arrow. Since then started up a glorious tradition, preserved to this day. During the annual national holiday, on the way archery competitions, where the best shots find out which of them is stronger, jumping at full speed and on the go at archery targets. Win the competition is very prestigious, so participants are always preparing for it very carefully and with an increased share of responsibility. Among the other churches of the Kamakura allocated Tekeydzi temple , founded in 1285, with its Kentedzi bronze bell cast in the middle of XIII century church Engakudzi, every summer for all who need a lesson in meditation spirit of Zen Buddhism. No less picturesque temples Egara Tenzin, dedicated to the god of education and Hase Kannon Temple, famous for its golden sculpture of the goddess Kannon odinnadtsatigolovoy. Of particular interest is Dzeniarai Benten Temple, famous for its sacred source. Visitors give monks special bags with the provisions of the money back, clergy cash dipped into the water and blessed, and then give the owner. According to legend, if you dip into the source of a bag of money, then over time, the amount of content is multiplied.

The symbol of the city is the bronze statue of the Great Buddha in the temple Kotokuin . It is the second largest in Japan. The statue is more than 11 meters, and the weight is 94 tons. Enlightened depicted seated in meditation on a lotus. Interestingly, in the back of the building there is a small door, which you can enter and move up the ladder directly to the ears of the Buddha, to assess the scenic beauty of the city and its surroundings from the allotted from the window. Sculpture perfectly visible from almost all parts of the Kamakura and allows tourists to easily navigate the terrain. Also worthy of attention and the City Museum, built in 1928. Here feature several hundred works of art and historical artifacts related to the past of the city. See numerous canvases, drawings and sculpture works of Japanese masters can be at the Museum of Modern Art, located near the pond Heike.

A favorite place for a beach holiday, with locals and tourists, is a small island Enosima, connected to the mainland by a bridge.In addition to the well-equipped beaches, there are several magnificent Buddhist temples, exotic garden with tropical plants, dolphin, several restaurants, entertainment and marina, due to which, Kamakura was nicknamed the “Japanese Miami.” Year round Enosimu visit surfers and sailing enthusiasts. This will create the perfect conditions for a fun and exciting pastime, which enriches the stay on the island the whole bulk of vivid impressions.

Climatic conditions in Kamakura exceptionally comfortable and relax here all year round. Winter is never too frosty, and in the mountains of heavy snowfall. Spring is good with bright colors and a warm and friendly atmosphere. The average summer temperature is usually 25 – 28 degrees. Rains throughout the year and usually not long delayed. This city has an extraordinary appeal. Here, in the best traditions and culture are the Japanese people. Here you can relax as well as spiritually enlightened.For any traveler Kamakura is an excellent opportunity to penetrate the charm of the East and discover the real Japan.